Queen Alexandra Birdwing (Ornithoptera alexandrae)
The queen of the butterflies is the largest butterfly in the world with its wings being up to 12 inches wide. The male is the prettiest with iridescent yellow, green and/or blue on a black background. The females are brown with spots that are lighter colors. They live mostly in northern Papua New Guinea in lowland forest areas. The male is very protective of its territory and will chase away large birds. Queen Alexandra is endangered and under threat due to oil palm plantations being built that ruin their habitat plus illegal collecting of the species is common as the black market pays as much as $15,000 for a pair.